RSS

One Direction

22 Des

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
One Direction

One Direction in April 2012. From left to right: Niall Horan, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, Zayn Malik, and Louis Tomlinson.
Background information
Origin London, England
Genres Dance-pop, pop rock, power pop, teen pop
Years active 2010–present
Labels Syco, Columbia
Associated acts The X Factor finalists 2010
Website onedirectionmusic.com
Members
Niall Horan
Zayn Malik
Liam Payne
Harry Styles
Louis Tomlinson

One Direction are an English-Irish group, consisting of members Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, and Louis Tomlinson. They signed with Simon Cowell‘s record label Syco Records after being formed and finishing third in the seventh series of British television singing competition The X Factor in 2010. They subsequently signed in the United States with Columbia Records. Their two albums Up All Night (2011) and Take Me Home (2012) broke several records, topped the charts of most major markets, and generated worldwide chart-topping singles, including “What Makes You Beautiful” and “Live While We’re Young“.

Propelled to international success by the power of social media, One Direction are often described as sparking the resurgence in the boy band concept, and of forming part of a new “British Invasion” in the United States. As of November 2012, One Direction have sold over 15 million albums, singles, and videos worldwide. Their achievements include a BRIT Award and 3 MTV Video Music Awards. They were proclaimed 2012’s Top New Artist by Billboard and scored the definitive title of MTV‘s Best Artists of 2012 list.[1][2] According to Nick Gatfield, the chairman and chief executive of Sony Music Entertainment UK, as of June 2012, One Direction represented a $50 million business empire.

Contents

History

The X Factor, formation, and record deal (2010–11)

“Interestingly, when they left, I had a bad feeling that maybe we shouldn’t have lost them and this is when the idea came about that we should see if they could work as a group. The minute they stood there for the first time together – it was a weird feeling. They just looked like a group at that point. I had a good feeling, but then obviously we had about a five-week wait where they had to work together. I was concerned whether five weeks was long enough, but they came back five weeks later and were absolutely sensational. When they came to my house in Spain and performed, after about a millionth of a second. I tried to keep a straight face for a bit of drama for the show. I remember sitting next to this girl who I was working with. The second they left we jumped out of my chair and said, “These guys are incredible!” They just had it. They had this confidence. They were fun. They worked out the arrangements themselves. They were like a gang of friends, and kind of fearless as well.”

Simon Cowell, on the formation of One Direction.[3]

In 2010, Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, and Louis Tomlinson auditioned as solo candidates for the seventh series of British television reality singing competition The X Factor.[4] Failing to progress to the “Boys” category at “judges’ houses“, after a suggestion by guest judge Nicole Scherzinger,[4] they were put together to form a five-piece boy band at Wembley Arena, London, England, July 2010, during the “bootcamp” stage of the competition,[5] thus qualifying for the “Groups” category. Subsequently, the group got together for two weeks to get to know each other and to practise.[6][7] Styles came up with the name One Direction as he wanted the group to go in “one direction” in winning the competition.[6] For their qualifying song at “judges’ houses”, and their first song as a group, One Direction sang an acoustic version of “Torn“.[8] In the live shows within four weeks, they were Simon Cowell‘s last act in the competition.[9] The group quickly gained popularity in the UK.[3] One Direction finished in third place and immediately after the final, their song “Forever Young“, which would have been released if they had won The X Factor, was leaked onto the internet.[10] Shortly afterwards it was confirmed, One Direction had been signed by Cowell to a reported £2 million Syco Records record contract.[11][12] Recording for their debut album began in January 2011, as they flew to Los Angeles to work with producer RedOne.[13] An One Direction-licensed book, One Direction: Forever Young (Our Official X Factor Story), was published by HarperCollins in February 2011,[14] subsequently topping The Sunday Times Best Seller list.[15] The same month, the boy band and other contestants from the series participated in the X Factor Live Tour.[16] The tour saw the group performing for 500,000 people throughout the UK.[17] After the tour concluded in April 2011, the group continued working on their debut album,[13] recording took place in Stockholm, London, and Los Angeles, as One Direction worked with producers Carl Falk, Savan Kotecha, Steve Mac, and Rami Yacoub, among others.[18][19]

Up All Night and international breakthrough (2011–12)

Released in September 2011, One Direction’s debut single “What Makes You Beautiful” bowed at number one on the UK Singles Chart, after becoming the most pre-ordered Sony Music Entertainment single in history.[20][21] Subsequent singles “Gotta Be You” and “One Thing” both peaked within the UK Singles Chart top ten.[22][23] In November 2011, they signed a record deal with Columbia Records in North America.[24] Steve Barnett, the co-chairman of Columbia Records, said it was not a difficult decision to sign One Direction. “Other artists in that category had gotten a little older. I just thought there was a void, and maybe they could seize and hold it.”[25] “What Makes You Beautiful” was released in the United States in February 2012,[26] where it debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 28, becoming the highest debut for a British act since 1998.[27] It peaked at number 4 and has sold over 3 million units in the US.[28] Upon arrival in the US in February 2012, One Direction embarked on a radio promotion spree, as well as their first North American concert tour as an opening act for Big Time Rush.[29][30] They made their first television appearance in the US on The Today Show on 12 March 2012 at the Rockefeller Center, an estimated 15,000 fans descended on the plaza.[31] Critically commended for its appeal to the teenage audience,[32] One Direction’s first studio album, Up All Night, was released globally in early 2012. It became the UK’s fastest-selling debut album of 2011,[33] and topped the charts in sixteen countries.[34] The album bowed atop the US Billboard 200 chart, making One Direction the first British group in US chart history to enter at number one with their debut album.[35] They were inducted into the Guinness World Records as a result.[36] Up All Night also became the first album by a boy band to sell 500,000 digital copies in the US and as of August 2012, had sold over 3 million copies worldwide.[37][38]

One Direction performing in Sydney during their Up All Night Tour, April 2012

One Direction attended the 2012 Brit Awards at which “What Makes You Beautiful” won the BRIT Award for Best British Single.[39] In April 2012, an American band who went by the same name, filed a trademark infringement lawsuit.[40] According to the lawsuit, the US band had been using the name since 2009, recorded two albums and filed an application to register the trademark name in the US in February 2011.[40] The US band said they were entitled to three times the profits made by the UK band, as well as compensatory damages in excess of US$1million.[40] The lawsuit claimed that Syco and Sony Music “chose to ignore the plaintiff’s rights and wilfully infringed them” after they realised in early 2011 that the two bands shared the same name.[40] Syco Records subsequently counter-sued, suggesting the US group was trying to make money from One Direction’s success and that the boy band was the first to use the name in US interstate commerce.[41] The BBC reported in September 2012 that the UK group won the legal dispute over the right to keep using their band name; the US band changed its name to Uncharted Shores.[41] The name change was announced in a joint statement that also noted both groups were happy with the outcome.[41]

In December 2011, One Direction embarked on their first headlining UK concert tour, the Up All Night Tour.[42] In early 2012, they announced Australasian and North American legs of the concert tour, with dates from April to July 2012.[43][44] The tour, resulting in 62 shows, was met with positivity both critically and commercially.[45][46] A recording of a concert from the tour, Up All Night: The Live Tour, was released in May 2012.[47] In addition to the DVD topping the charts in twenty-five countries, as of August 2012, its global sales had exceeded 1 million copies.[38][48] One Direction’s first-licensed American book, Dare to Dream: Life as One Direction, was published in the United States on 22 May 2012,[49] subsequently topping The New York Times Best Seller list.[50] In June 2012, Nick Gatfield, chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Music Entertainment UK, stated how he expects One Direction to represent a $100 million business empire over 2013.[51] “What you might not know about One Direction is that they already represent a $50 million business and that’s a figure we expect to double next year”.[52] In August 2012, the group’s record sales exceeded 8 million singles, 3 million albums, and 1 million DVDs, and they performed “What Makes You Beautiful” at the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in London, which represented the handover to Rio de Janeiro as the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics.[38][53] One Direction were the biggest winners of the 2012 MTV Video Music Awards winning their three nominations on 6 September 2012, including Best New Artist.[54]

Take Me Home and world tour (2012)

One Direction’s second studio album, Take Me Home, was released in November 2012.[55] The Independent reported in April 2012 that Cowell had challenged music’s “most successful” songwriters to compete for space on One Direction’s second studio album.[56] Dee Demirbag, responsible for international artists and repertoire at music publisher, BMG Rights Management in Scandinavia, said: “Breaking a boy band in the US is about as big as it gets in the music industry, so you can imagine the competition to get cuts on the next One Direction album is immense.”[56] In May 2012, One Direction began recording the album in Stockholm, Sweden.[57] The lead single “Live While We’re Young“, released in September 2012, peaked inside the top ten in almost every country it charted and recorded the highest one-week opening sales figure for a song by a non-US artist in the US.[58] With the album and its second single “Little Things” both debuting simultaneously at number one in the UK, One Direction became the youngest act in British chart history to achieve this feat.[59] In addition, Take Me Home sold 540,000 copies in its first week in the US, debuted atop the Billboard 200—making them the first British group to have both their debut album and its follow-up go straight to the top of the chart, and topped the charts in more than thirty-four other countries.[60][61]

One Direction performed “Little Things” at the 2012 Royal Variety Performance, in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II[62] and headlined a sold-out show at New York City’s Madison Square Garden on 3 December 2012.[63] One Direction are set to embark on their second concert tour in February 2013, the 2013 World Tour.[64] The concert tour consists of over 100 shows in Europe, North America and Australasia. Ticket sales reached 300,000 within a day of release in the UK and Ireland, which included a six date sell out at London’s The O2 Arena.[65] In Australian and New Zealand markets, tickets grossed US$15.7 million, with all 190,000 tickets being sold for eighteen shows to be held in Australia and New Zealand.[66] Additionally, Sony Pictures Entertainment announced in November 2012 that a 3D biopic film, starring the group is in production. The film is to be directed by Morgan Spurlock and produced by Spurlock, Ben Winston, Adam Milano and Cowell. The film is scheduled for release by TriStar Pictures on 30 August 2013.[67]

Musical style

Menu
0:00
A 20-second sample of One Direction’s debut single, “What Makes You Beautiful“, noted for the genre of power pop, containing a prominent guitar-based chorus and riff.[68][69] It is among the best-selling singles of all time, selling over 5 million copies.[70]

Problems listening to this file? See media help.

One Direction’s debut studio album Up All Night (2011) is predominantly a pop music record, containing elements of teen pop, dance pop, pop rock, and power pop, with electropop and rock influences.[71][72][68][73] Digital Spy‘s Robert Copsey described the album as a “collection of pg pop rock with killer choruses”,[74] while The New York Times considered it “full of easy rock-inflected pop, blithe and sometimes clever.”[75] Jason Lipshutz of Billboard acknowledged that the album demonstrates an originality in sound that was “necessary for the revitalization of the boy band movement”.[73] Songs “One Thing” and “What Makes You Beautiful” were particularly noted for the genres of power pop and pop rock, for their “powerhouse” guitar riffs and “forceful” choruses.[68][69][76][77]

Vocally, in a live setting, Erica Futterman for Rolling Stone asserted their acoustic performances as both showcasing, “Horan’s ability to play guitar, as well as One Direction’s admirable live vocals. There was no need to worry about a backing track or a bum note, a pleasant realization at a pop show.”[78] Herald Sun‘s Cameron Adams opined that One Direction have “strong pop voices”.[79] Melody Lau of the National Post wrote, “It’s easy to get lost in inherent appeal of their perfectly coiffed dos and almost-too-put-together preppy style but somewhere in the midst of all the love-struck squeals of teenage girls are guys who can actually sing and, to a certain extent, entertain,”[80] Jane Stevenson of portal site Canoe concurred, “What I didn’t really prepare myself for was that they all can actually sing in concert.”[81] The Washington Post writer Chris Richards dissented of the approval, “As the five traded couplets, it was tough to imagine a future Justin Timberlake, Ricky Martin or Bobby Brown emerging from the pack. No one voice stood out.”[82] Mike Wass of Idolator felt One Direction’s “surprisingly accomplished effort” of Kings of Leon‘s “Use Somebody” proved that One Direction are “more than capable” of evolving their sound.[83]

Image

One Direction greet Swedish fans in Stockholm, May 2012

Neil McCormick from The Daily Telegraph published an article on the nature of One Direction’s success in North America, noting that Americans had left a gap in the market, writing that it took the prominence of Justin Bieber to demonstrate that there was still a market for “clean cut, wholesome, whiter- than-white, middle class parent friendly pop: cute boys advocating puppy love. And what could be better than one cute boy, if not five?”[84] One Direction have been described as sparking the resurgence in the boy band concept, and as forming part of a new “British Invasion” in the United States.[85][86][87][88][89][90] Bill Werde, a representative of Billboard magazine commented, “There’s a lot of possibility here, there’s a lot of upside, that level of talent with those kinds of looks, it’s really a perfect storm for a massive, massive successful phenomenon.”[91]

Sonny Takhar, the chief executive officer of Syco Records, attributes the breakthrough to the power of social media. “Sometimes you feel the song’s the star, but it’s not like that here – it’s the act,” he said. “It’s a real moment. Social media has become the new radio, it’s never broken an act globally like this before.”[91] Will Bloomfield, the group’s manager, added, “These guys live online, and so do their fans.”[90] Their management employs a social media team and the members all tweet themselves, “which helps create the illusion that they couldn’t be any closer to their fans.”[91] One Direction’s Twitter account had amassed 5 million followers as of July 2012, with the account gaining followers at an average of 20,000 per day.[92] Each member is known for his feature;[93] Horan is “the cute one”,[93] Malik is “the quiet and mysterious one”,[93] Payne is “the sensible one”,[93] Styles is “the charming one”[93] and Tomlinson is “the funny one”.[93] Horan commented on One Direction as a boy band, “People think that a boy band is air-grabs and [being] dressed in all one colour. We’re boys in a band. We’re trying to do something different from what people would think is the typical kind of boy band. We’re trying to do different kinds of music and we’re just trying to be ourselves, not squeaky clean.”[94] Leah Collins, writing for the National Post, remarked that One Direction had succeeded on the latter front,[94] “For the most part, that just means the group presents themselves as typical, goofy and uncensored teenage boys – posting jokey YouTube videos, for instance, or boozing at awards shows.”[94] Writing for The Observer, Kitty Empire opined, “Dance routines are fundamental to the boy band – or at least, to 90s Take That and late-00s JLS. One Direction fulfil a great many boy band prerequisites (looks, soppy lyrics, tune-grasp, fame-lust) but their lack of routines points to the subtle digressions afoot here.”[95]

Members

Niall Horan

Niall Horan

Niall James Horan, born 13 September 1993 (age 19), is from Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland.[96] Born to mother Maura Gallagher and father Bobby Horan,[96] he has an older brother named Greg.[97] Their parents divorced when he was five.[96] He and his brother lived between each of their homes for a few years before eventually deciding to live with their father in Mullingar.[96] Horan was a pupil at Coláiste Mhuire, a boys’ Christian Brothers school.[98][99] He was in the school choir, performing seasonally around Christmas.[6][7]

Prior to participating in The X Factor, he performed around his homeland, including as a support act for Lloyd Daniels in Dublin.[100] Horan has been playing guitar since his childhood.[101] Horan has also stated that he is a “big swing” fan, citing favourite artists Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Michael Bublé.[102] Horan also cites rock music favourably and is a fan of The Eagles, Bon Jovi and The Script. [94][102]

Zayn Malik

His girlfriend is Bella

Zayn Malik

Zain Javadd “Zayn” Malik,[103][104] born 12 January 1993 (age 19), is from Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.[105] Born to British Pakistani father Yaser and an English mother, Tricia Malik (née Brannan), he has one older sister, Doniya, and two younger sisters, Waliyha and Safaa.[99][106] He grew up in East Bowling,[105] was a pupil at Lower Fields Primary School, and went to Tong High School, a state comprehensive school.[107] Malik did not fit in at his first two schools due to his mixed heritage, and after moving schools at the age of twelve, Malik, states he started taking pride in his appearance.[100]

On auditioning for The X Factor, he stated: “I was looking for an experience”.[108] He cites urban music as his main musical influence, growing up, he was into R&B and rap.[100][108] He as well as other members of One Direction further notes artists such as Bruno Mars, as a “dream collaborator.”[109] Malik is addicted to smoking cigarettes; in late 2011, he expressed his desire to quit.[110] Malik once wrote on Twitter, “La ila ha ill lalla ho muhammed door rasoolalah“, known as a common declaration of faith among Muslims meaning: “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the prophet of Allah.”[111][112]

Liam Payne

Liam Payne

Liam James Payne,[113] born 29 August 1993 (age 19), is from Wolverhampton, West Midlands, England.[96] Born three weeks early to mother Karen and father Geoff,[96][114] he has two older sisters, Ruth and Nicola.[99] Until the age of four, Payne had regular tests done in hospital as doctors noticed one of his kidneys was scarred and dysfunctional.[114] To help cope with the pain, he had 32 injections in his arm in the morning and evening as a child.[114] As a student, Payne was heavily involved in sports.[100] Payne was bullied in secondary school and took up boxing lessons at the age of twelve.[100] He was a music technology student at City of Wolverhampton College.[115]

Payne had once performed in front of a 26,000 crowd at a Wolverhampton Wanderers‘ football match.[6][7] Payne first auditioned in 2008 to The X Factor‘s fifth series when he was fourteen.[115] He made it to the judges’ houses, but Cowell thought he was not ready for the competition and asked him to come back in two years.[115] Payne cites Justin Timberlake as one of his biggest influences.[116] He also said that he draws inspiration from Take That member Gary Barlow when performing.[116]

Harry Styles

Harry Styles

Harry Edward Styles, born 1 February 1994 (age 18),[117][118] is from the village of Holmes Chapel, Cheshire, England.[119] He is a former pupil at Holmes Chapel Comprehensive School, a state comprehensive school.[119] Born to mother Anne Cox and father Des Styles,[96] he has an older sister, Gemma.[99] He was seven when their parents divorced, his mother subsequently getting remarried.[120] Following the divorce, Styles, his older sister and mother moved further out into the Cheshire countryside.[100] At the age of twelve he moved back to Holmes Chapel.[100] Prior to participating in The X Factor, the then sixteen-year-old Styles had a part-time job at the W. Mandeville Bakery in Holmes Chapel.[121]

Styles was the lead singer for the band White Eskimo with band members lead guitarist Haydn Morris, bass guitarist Nick Clough and drummer Will Sweeny.[119] They had once entered a Battle of the Bands competition, which they won.[100] As a child, Styles loved singing, noting Elvis Presley as one of his influences.[100] He also cites Presley for his musical beginnings.[100] Styles also cites contemporaries, Foster the People, Coldplay and Kings of Leon among his influences.[94] Styles states that The X Factor gave him “a lot more” confidence as a performer.[100] Styles says that he often looks to Coldplay front man Chris Martin for inspiration when performing on stage.[116] Styles also states that The Beatles had an influence on him growing up, as his father would play their music.[122]

Louis Tomlinson

Louis Tomlinson

Louis William Tomlinson, born Louis Troy Austin on 24 December 1991 (age 20),[123][124][125] is from Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England.[96] Born to mother Johannah Poulston and father Troy Austin,[96] his parents split when he was young and he took on his stepfather Mark Tomlinson’s name.[96] He has five younger half-sisters, and two of them had roles as babies on television series Fat Friends, on which he would go along and serve as an extra.[100] After Fat Friends, he attended an acting school in Barnsley.[100] He had small parts in an ITV1 drama film If I Had You and BBC‘s Waterloo Road.[100] He was a sixth form student at Hall Cross School, a state comprehensive school, and a former pupil of the Hayfield School.[100] He revealed that he failed his first year of A levels at the Hayfield School and ended up going back to Hall Cross and started A levels over again.[100] He had a number of jobs, including at a Vue cinema and at Doncaster Rovers football stadium as a waiter in their hospitality suites.[100][126]

As a student at Hall Cross, Tomlinson starred in several musical productions.[7][127] Tomlinson revealed that landing the lead role of Danny Zuko in the Hall Cross musical production of Grease motivated him to audition for The X Factor.[7][128] Tomlinson cites Robbie Williams as his biggest influence and idol.[129] In an interview with Now Magazine, he stated: “I’ve always loved [Robbie]. He’s just so cheeky, he can get away with anything. His performances are unbelievable.”[129] He also admires recording artist Ed Sheeran, describing him as “phenomenal.”[130]

Discography

Concert tours

Filmography

Television
Year Title Role Notes
2010 The X Factor[4] Contestant One Direction were formed and finished in third place in the seventh series
2011 ITV2 Special, One Direction: A Year in the Making[131] Themselves Biography of One Direction since finishing third on The X Factor in 2010
2012 Dancing on Ice[132] Musical guest Pop Week” (Series 7, week 5)
Saturday Night Live[133] Sofia Vergara/One Direction” (Season 37, episode 720)
iCarly[134] Guest stars iGo One Direction” (Season 6, episode 96)
The X Factor (Australia)[135] Guest mentors One Direction were guest mentors during the “home visits” stage of the fourth season
Film
Year Title Role Notes
2012 Up All Night: The Live Tour[47] Themselves The video concert DVD was recorded as a part of One Direction’s Up All Night Tour at the International Centre in Bournemouth

Awards and nominations

One Direction have been recipients of a BRIT Award—winning their first with “What Makes You Beautiful” for Best British Single at the 2012 BRIT Awards,[39] a NME Award,[136] two Kids’ Choice Awards,[137] and three MTV Video Music Awards,[54] among other awards. One Direction won all three awards, they were nominated for at the 2012 Teen Choice Awards.[138]

Publications

References

  1. ^ Andrew Hampp (14 December 2012). “One Direction: Q&As With Billboard’s Top New Artist of 2012”. Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  2. ^ Emilee Lindner (13 December 2012). “One Direction Are MTV’s Best Artists Of 2012!”. MTV News (MTV Networks). Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  3. ^ a b Andy Greene (9 April 2012). “Exclusive Q&A: Simon Cowell on One Direction’s Rise to Stardom”. Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  4. ^ a b c Kristy Kelly (26 July 2011). “Nicole Scherzinger: ‘I did Simon Cowell a favour with One Direction'”. Digital Spy (Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  5. ^ Kate McMahon (12 July 2010). “Cheryl Tweedy cancels X Factor Boot Camp and V Festival appearances”. Daily Mirror (Trinity Mirror). Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  6. ^ a b c d Stan Walker, Short Stack, Michael Paynter, Amy Meredith. “One Direction Biography”. The Hot Hits Live from LA (MCM Media). Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d e South Wales Echo (13 January 2012). “One Direction prepare for Cardiff sell-out shows”. WalesOnline. Media Wales. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  8. ^ “The X Factor 2010: the 12 acts who made it to the Live Shows”. STV. STV Group. 3 October 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  9. ^ Bull, Sarah (31 October 2010). “X Factor 2010: Flaky Katie Waissel survives by the skin of her teeth as Simon Cowell is down to one act after Belle Amie are voted off”. Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  10. ^ Stuart Heritage (12 December 2012). “The X Factor 2010 final results show”. The Guardian (London: Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  11. ^ Lee Cara (15 December 2010). “Father Xmas Si’s three special gifts”. The Sun (London: News International). Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  12. ^ Mayer Nissim (28 January 2011). “One Direction ‘get £2m Syco investment'”. Digital Spy (Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  13. ^ a b Ed Miller (16 August 2011). “Sony excited about One Direction potential”. Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  14. ^ Alex Fletcher (17 February 2011). “One Direction release autobiography”. Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  15. ^ “ONE DIRECTION BOOK NUMBER ONE ON SUNDAY TIMES BESTSELLER LIST!”. Sugarscape (Hachette Filipacchi Médias). 5 April 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  16. ^ Sophie Freeman (19 November 2010). “Now Treyc Cohen snubbed by X Factor for £100,000 tour… but reject Aiden Grimshaw IS invited”. Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 19 November 2010.
  17. ^ “Tickets for One Direction at HMV Apollo Hammersmith, London, now available from hmvtickets.com”. HMV. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  18. ^ “Up All Night – One Direction”. Rovi Corporation. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  19. ^ (liner notes). “Up All Night”. One Direction.
  20. ^ Lewis Corner (19 August 2011). “One Direction’s ‘What Makes You Beautiful’ breaks pre-order sales record”. Digital Spy (Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  21. ^ Alan Jones (19 September 2011). “What Makes You Beautiful becomes fastest seller of the year”. Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  22. ^ Alan Jones (21 November 2011). “UK Singles Chart Analysis: Rihanna equals Adele record”. Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  23. ^ Alan Jones (20 February 2012). “Official Chart Analysis: Emeli Sande album sells 113k, DJ Fresh single shifts 128k”. Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  24. ^ Lewis Corner (22 November 2011). “One Direction sign US record deal with Adele label Columbia”. Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  25. ^ James C. McKinley Jr (23 March 2012). “One Direction and the Wanted: Boy Bands Return”. The New York Times (The New York Times Company).
  26. ^ Amanda Hasaka (14 February 2012). “One Direction’s Debut Single ‘What Makes You Beautiful’ Now Available On iTunes!”. Celebuzz (Buzz Media). Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  27. ^ “One Direction Has Highest Hot 100 Debut For New UK Act Since 1998”. Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  28. ^ Keith Caufield (20 July 2012). “One Direction’s ‘Up All Night’ Overtakes Lionel Richie’s ‘Tuskegee’ as 2012’s Second-Biggest Selling Album”. Billboard.biz (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  29. ^ Mark Savage (21 May 2010). “The US love affair with British pop”. BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 25 July 2010.
  30. ^ Stephan Lee. “EXCLUSIVE PHOTO: One Direction and Big Time Rush unite for North American tour!”. Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc.. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  31. ^ Steven J. Horowitz (27 March 2012). “One Direction & The Wanted: The Billboard Cover Story”. Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  32. ^
  33. ^ “One Direction Thank Fans For ‘Up All Night’ Chart Success”. Capital FM (Global Radio). 28 November 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  34. ^ “One Direction to hold global Twitter viewing party for new concert DVD”. Music Week (Intent Media). 30 May 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  35. ^ Keith Caulfield (20 March 2012). “One Direction Makes History With No. 1 Debut on Billboard 200”. Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  36. ^ Colin Daniels (7 September 2012). “Adele, One Direction enter ‘Guinness World Records'”. Digital Spy (Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  37. ^ Paul Grein (24 October 2012). “Week Ending Oct. 21, 2012. Albums: Aldean’s Fast Train To #1”. Yahoo! Music (United States: Yahoo!). Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  38. ^ a b c Dan Lane (2 August 2012). “One Direction sell 12 million singles, albums and DVD and Blu-rays worldwide”. Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  39. ^ a b “One Direction Win Best British Single At BRIT Awards 2012”. Capital FM (Global Radio). 21 February 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  40. ^ a b c d Rhian Jones (11 April 2012). “One Direction sued for trademark infringement”. Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  41. ^ a b c “One Direction win fight against US band to keep name”. Newsbeat. BBC. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  42. ^ “One Direction Prepare For ‘Up All Night’ Tour With Watford Concert”. Capital FM (Global Radio). 19 December 2011. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  43. ^ Lisa McGarry (24 February 2012). “One Direction announce 2012 tour dates for Australia and New Zealand”. Unreality TV (Unrealitytv Limited). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  44. ^ “One Direction Reveal North American Tour Dates”. Idolator (Buzz Media). 21 March 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^ a b Lewis Corner (12 April 2012). “One Direction perform ‘Moments’ on tour – video”. Digital Spy (Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  48. ^ Rhian Jones (8 June 2012). “One Direction live DVD hits No.1 in 25 countries”. Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  49. ^ Sarah Maloy (31 March 2012). “One Direction to Publish Biographical Book”. Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  50. ^ “Best Sellers”. The New York Times (The New York Times Company). 10 June 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  51. ^ Jocelyn Vena (15 June 2012). “One Direction Set To Become Booming $100 Million Business”. MTV News (MTV Networks). Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  52. ^ Jocelyn Vena (15 June 2012). “One Direction Set To Become Booming $100 Million Business”. MTV News (MTV Networks). Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  53. ^ Kia Makarechi (12 August 2012). “One Direction & Closing Ceremony: Olympics Get A Dose Of ‘What Makes You Beautiful'”. The Huffington Post (TheHuffingtonPost, Inc.). Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  54. ^ a b Amelia Butterfly (7 September 2012). “One Direction win three MTV Video Music Awards in LA”. Newsbeat (BBC). Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  55. ^ “Take Me Home” (in Dutch). iTunes Store. Netherlands: Apple Inc.. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  56. ^ a b Adam Sherwin (3 April 2012). “One Direction – but where next? Writers join battle to create boy band’s next hits”. The Independent (London: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  57. ^ “One Direction Enjoy “Amazing Day” In The Studio Recording New Album”. Capital FM (Global Radio). 11 May 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  58. ^ Tina Hart (21 October 2012). “One Direction achieve fastest-selling single by a UK act in the US”. Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  59. ^ Alan Jones (19 November 2012). “Official Charts Analysis: One Direction youngest ever act to score No.1 Album and Single simultaneously”. Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  60. ^ “One Direction’s ‘Take Me Home’ Debuts at No. 1 With Year’s Third-Biggest Opening”. Billboard. United States: Prometheus Global Media. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  61. ^ Tina Hart (29 November 2012). “Imagem Music signs One Direction hit-writer Fiona Bevan”. Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  62. ^ “Royal Variety Performance 2012: One Direction and Girls Aloud sing for The Queen”. The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). 20 November 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  63. ^ Andrew Hampp (4 December 2012). “One Direction Headlines Sold-Out Show at Madison Square Garden”. Billboard (Prometheus Global Media).
  64. ^ Jocelyn Vena (12 April 2012). “One Direction Announce US Dates On 2013 World Tour”. MTV News (MTV Networks). Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  65. ^ “One Direction Fans in Ticket-Buying Frenzy”. MTV News (MTV Networks). 26 February 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  66. ^ Brittany Stack (29 April 2012). “How One Direction cashed in on their hugely successful Australian tour”. The Daily Telegraph Australia (News Limited). Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  67. ^ Marc Schneider (13 November 2012). “One Direction 3D Film Gets ‘Super’ Director”. Billboard (New York City: Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  68. ^ a b c Jody Rosen (28 March 2012). “One Direction – Up All Night”. Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  69. ^ a b Robert Copsey (11 September 2011). “One Direction: ‘What Makes You Beautiful’ – Single review”. Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  70. ^ “One Direction hit 12 million sales in less than a year”. BBC News (BBC). 2 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  71. ^ Jon O’Brien. “One Direction”. AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  72. ^ Matthew Chisling (21 November 2011). “Up All Night – One Direction”. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  73. ^ a b Jason Lipshutz (7 March 2012). “One Direction, ‘Up All Night’: Track-By-Track Review”. Billboard (New York: Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  74. ^ Robert Copsey (22 November 2011). “One Direction: ‘Up All Night’ – Album review”. Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  75. ^ Jon Caramanica (27 May 2012). “One Direction, the Boy Band, Plays the Beacon Theater”. The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  76. ^ Lewis Corner (2 February 2012). “One Direction: ‘One Thing’ – Single review”. Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  77. ^ Zachary Houle (16 March 2012). “One Direction: Up All Night”. PopMatters. Buzz Media. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  78. ^ Erica Futterman (27 May 2012). “One Direction Make a Play For Longevity on First American Headlining Tour”. Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  79. ^ Cameron Adams (18 April 2012). “One Direction infection sweeps Melbourne”. Herald Sun (Australia: The Herald and Weekly Times). Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  80. ^ Melody Lau (1 June 2012). “Concert Review: One Direction are mostly killer with some filler”. National Post (Canada: Postmedia Network Inc.). Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  81. ^ Jane Stevenson (30 May 2012). “Concert Review: Live Review: One Direction in T.O”. Jam! Canoe (Québecor Média). Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  82. ^ Chris Richards (25 May 2012). “One Direction whips Patriot Center into a G-rated frenzy”. The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  83. ^ Mike Wass (13 April 2012). “One Direction Live In Sydney: Concert Review”. Idolator (Buzz Media). Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  84. ^ Neil McCormick (28 February 2012). “The Wanted & One Direction: why British boybands are conquering America”. The Daily Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  85. ^ Kerry O’Shea (12 March 2012). “One Direction, British/Irish boy band about to explode in America says Simon Cowell”. IrishCentral (IrishCentral LLC). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  86. ^ Lyndsey Parker (12 March 2012). “The British Are Coming! One Direction Set To Conquer America”. Yahoo! News (Yahoo). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  87. ^ Jocelyn Vena (14 March 2012). “The Wanted Vs. One Direction: A Boy Band Cheat Sheet”. MTV News (MTV Networks). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  88. ^ Brian Mansfield (9 March 2012). “Meet UK boy band One Direction”. USA Today (Gannett Company). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  89. ^ Daily Mail Reporter (12 March 2012). “British boy band One Direction cause fan frenzy as they make US television debut performance on Today show”. Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  90. ^ a b Andy Greene (8 May 2012). “The New British Invasion: Boy Bands”. Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  91. ^ a b c Caspar Llewellyn Smith (15 March 2012). “One Direction: the fab five take America”. The Guardian (London: Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  92. ^ “One Direction Twitter Stats”. Twitter Counter. Twitter, Inc.. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  93. ^ a b c d e f Stephanie Abrahams (6 April 2012). “Can One Direction Save the Boy Band?”. TIME (Time Inc.). Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  94. ^ a b c d e Leah Collins (12 March 2012). “One Direction: X Factor boy band on what sets them apart”. National Post (Canada: Postmedia Network Inc.). Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  95. ^ Kitty Empire (7 January 2012). “One Direction – review”. The Observer (London: Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  96. ^ a b c d e f g h i j “Mums of One Direction stars reveal how the boys have grown into music sensations”. Daily Record. Trinity Mirror. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  97. ^ Lisa McGarry (6 November 2010). “X Factor 2010: Niall Horan’s brother says One Direction get along well”. Unreality TV (Unrealitytv Limited). Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  98. ^ “Mullingar teen has got the X Factor”. Westmeath Examiner (Celtic Media Group). 7 July 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  99. ^ a b c d Liz Thomas. “Beatlemania takes a whole new Direction! Thousands gather in Montreal to catch a glimpse of the band”. Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  100. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q One Direction members (2011). Dare to Dream: Life as One Direction. Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-744439-7.
  101. ^ “One Direction, Jessie J and Wretch 32 Unveil Their Best Christmas Presents Ever”. Capital FM. Global Radio. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  102. ^ a b “Niall Interview (VEVO LIFT): Brought to you by McDonald’s”. YouTube. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  103. ^ “Zain Javadd Malik – Ancestry.co.uk”. Ancestry.com. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  104. ^ “Diva Fever’s Craig Saggers: One Direction’s Zain ‘Zayn’ Malik wears the dog-tag I gave him”. Teen Now Magazine. IPC Media Limited. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  105. ^ a b Emma Clayton (5 October 2010). “East Bowling teenager Zain Malik makes it to finals, but Bradford girl band Husstle bow out”. Bradford Telegraph & Argus (Newsquest Media Group). Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  106. ^ “Zayn Malik’s mum: When my boy leaves home, I cry at the gate”. Now Magazine (IPC Media Limited). 22 April 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  107. ^ Ben Barnett (26 November 2010). “Classmates seek support for East Bowling One Direction star Zayn Malik”. Bradford Telegraph & Argus (Newsquest Media Group). Retrieved 26 November 2010.
  108. ^ a b “Zayn Interview (VEVO LIFT): Brought to you by McDonald’s”. YouTube. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  109. ^ Maggie Doherty (26 March 2012). “Backbeat: One Direction’s Harry Styles Gets a Faceful of Ice-Cream Cake at Z-100”. Billboard.biz (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  110. ^ Emily Hewett (29 December 2011). “One Direction’s Zayn Malik vows to quit smoking for New Year resolution”. Metro (Associated Newspapers Ltd). Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  111. ^ “Kalima”. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  112. ^ Kari Huus (18 June 2012). “One Direction singer Zayn Malik: Global pop star, and Muslim”. msnbc.com (NBCUniversal). Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  113. ^ “Liam James Payne – Ancestry.co.uk”. Ancestry.com. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  114. ^ a b c Rebecca Davies (18 September 2011). “One Direction’s Liam Payne: ‘I effectively died as a baby'”. Digital Spy (Hearst Magazines UK). Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  115. ^ a b c Victoria Nash (11 September 2010). “Liam Payne now sprinting to X Factor success”. Express & Star (Midland News Association). Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  116. ^ a b c “One Direction: “We Take Inspiration From Take That””. Capital FM (Global Radio). 23 December 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  117. ^ “Harry Edward Styles – Ancestry.co.uk”. Ancestry.com. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  118. ^ “Harry Styles”. Capital FM. Global Radio. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  119. ^ a b c Belinda Ryan (29 September 2010). “Holmes Chapel X Factor star Harry Styles can win show say school bandmates”. Crewe Chronicle (Trinity Mirror). Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  120. ^ Lewis Panther (24 June 2012). “One Direction star Harry Styles’ dad on bond between him and his boy”. Daily Record (Trinity Mirror). Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  121. ^ Kate Simms (17 November 2010). “Harry Styles has got the X Factor in Holmes Chapel”. BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  122. ^ Andrei Harmsworth (20 April 2012). “Harry Styles: Ronnie Wood wanted to play guitar with One Direction”. Metro. Associated Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  123. ^ “Louis Troy Austin – Ancestry.co.uk”. Ancestry.com. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  124. ^ “GRO Index Doncaster Jan 1992”. Ancestry.com. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  125. ^ “Louis turns 20!”. Onedirectionmusic.com (Sony Music Entertainment (UK) Ltd). 24 December 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  126. ^ “Doncaster News and Features: Famous Doncastrian: Louis Tomlinson”. Donny Online. Donny Online Network. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  127. ^ “Family album reveals my boy really has got the X Factor”. The Star. Johnston Publishing Ltd. 19 October 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  128. ^ “Louis Interview (VEVO LIFT): Brought to you by McDonald’s”. YouTube. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  129. ^ a b “One Direction’s Louis Tomlinson is a fan of Robbie Williams”. STV. STV Group. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  130. ^ “One Direction name debut album ‘Up All Night’, reveal cover”. Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. 16 October 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  131. ^ “One Direction: A Year In The Making – BBC2, 9pm”. Daily Mirror (Trinity Mirror). 23 November 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
  132. ^ “Watch Again: One Direction’s Dancing On Ice Performances & Interview”. Sugar Magazine (Hachette Filipacchi Médias). 6 February 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  133. ^ Iona Kirby (6 April 2012). “Hello boys! One Direction’s American dream continues as they join buxom Sofia Vergara on Saturday Night Live”. Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  134. ^ Jocelyn Vena (27 January 2012). “One Direction To Appear On ‘iCarly'”. MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  135. ^ “Sparks Fly as One Direction join The X Factor”. The X Factor (Australia). Yahoo!7. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  136. ^ “Arctic Monkeys, Noel Gallagher, The Vaccines, Lana Del Rey nominated for NME Awards 2012”. NME (IPC Media). 30 January 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  137. ^ Hewett, Emily (20 April 2012). “One Direction steal the show at Nickelodeon Kids’ Choice Awards”. Metro. Associated Newspapers. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  138. ^ Tina Hart (23 July 2012). “Swift and Bieber big winners at Teen Choice Awards”. Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 27 July 2012.
 
Tinggalkan komentar

Ditulis oleh pada Desember 22, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

 
%d blogger menyukai ini: